“The body doesn’t lie. Neither does the voice or speech pattern.” – Dr. Lillian Glass
Things are not looking good for George Zimmerman in his trial. The fact that there are all women on the jury may stimulate innate feelings of motherhood and protection for those who have kids of their own. Whether they try to be impartial or not, it is “there by the grace of God go I” thinking” in terms that they could have possibly lost their own child in a situation like this.
The fact that Treyvon’s fighting and thug past, poor behavior in school, and alleged drug use, will not be allowed as evidence to show his character also does not play well for Zimmerman. Showing the innocent clean faced non gold- toothed photo of Treyvon in court will surely elicit a sympathetic response from these women like it did with President Obama who once said that if he “had a son he would look like Treyvon.”
Now the final blow to Zimmerman’s case is that the judge has not allowed into evidence the famous 911 tape where there was screaming. I am appalled at this decision because George Zimmerman cannot get a fair trial with this lack of crucial evidence.
This 911 tape in my view is the deciding evidence. There are clear ways to tease out who’s voice was on the tape and who was screaming. While they They can can’t compare a smaple of Treyvon’s scream to the scream on the tape becuase he is dead, they can certainly do it with Zimmerman since he is alive. They can look at pitch and intensity and voice quality. . The pitch of the scream can be analyzed both perceptively and objectively and compared with the 911 tape in question. There should alos be a double blind study done where people are asked to compare the two scream samples of Zimmerman, since he is the one on trial.
I have used a similiar approach with a defendant who was accused of armed robbery. There was a tape of him saying to the victim “I’m gonna blow your fxxxing head off.” The victim also described the suspect’s voice as being low in pitch and very clear and resonant with no hint of an accent . I then had the attorney go to the jail and record a voice sample of the defendant saying the same words he allegedly said on the tap., it was completely different. The suspect’s voice was high pitched and he had a very distinct accent and a breathy quality to the voice.
I then did a vocal line up with the victim who could not discern the alleged suspect’s voice. In addition. As it turned out the suspect was not he armed robber who threatened murder.
Forensic voice analysis is key to this case. There are ways to perceptually and technically dissect the voice pattern and scream from this tape. Both sides need to present their respective experts so that a jury can hear and see the results for themselves and then decide.
In my view, not presenting this evidence should result in a mistrial because the jury needs to make up their own mind as to who’s voice is yelling and who’s voice is screaming on the crucial tape without the help of experts to guide them.
I believe that justice needs to be served but it cannot be served if we don’t have all of the evidence materials including the 911 tape.
The screams are crucial pieces of evidence because they could determine who the aggressor was in the confrontation before Zimmerman shot unarmed Treyvon Martin . While Martin’s family swears it was Treyvon screaming, Zimmerman’s father is certain it was his son. Only a jury can decide this.
Audio experts from both sides testified at different times during the hearing, which stretched over three weeks. Voice experts were hired by lawyers and news organizations to analyze the calls, which were made during the confrontation between the two. The experts arrived at mixed conclusions.
In deciding whether to admit the voice-recognition technology used by prosecution audio experts Tom Owen and Alan Reich, the judge had to determine whether it is too novel or whether it has been accepted by the scientific community at-large and found that there is no evidence to establish that their scientific techniques have been tested and found reliable,” the judge said in her ruling.
Tom Owen was hired by the Orlando Sentinel last year to compare a voice sample of Zimmerman with screams for help captured on 911 calls made by neighbors. He said Zimmerman’s voice doesn’t match the screams. But in my strong opinion, Owen’s work is flawed since he only compared Zimmerman’s voice to the 911 calls and because he didn’t have a voice sample for Martin at the time.
Since screaming is the focus of the voice sample, he obviously needed to get a sample of Zimmerman’s scream since he is still alive and since he is the one on trial. The voice sample of the 911 tape is irrelevant without a scream sample to compare with the scream sample on the 911 tape.
Owen says that “The screams don’t match at all,”as he testified during the hearing. “That’s what tells me the screams aren’t George Zimmerman.” But Own didn’t get a scream sample from Zimmerman and compare the two. What he did here in my view was compare apples to oranges- speaking voice to a screaming voice.
Had he testified about what he had done, the defense could rip holes in his testimony based on the lack of comparing of two scream samples from the same person.
The other “expert” Alan Reich testified in a report for prosecutors that the screams on the 911 tapes were from Martin. How would he know they were from Martin if he doesn’t have a scream sample from Martin since Martin is deceased.
A British audio expert Peter French testified for the defense that it would be extremely difficult to analyze voices by comparing screaming to a normal voice said the right thing and this is even more evidence for why a scream sample is needed from Zimmerman.
A second audio expert for the defense, George Doddington, also criticized prosecution experts who said Friday that screams and pleas on a 911 recording likely belonged to Martin.
Once again you can’t tell if it is Zimmerman’s scream unless you get a sample of him screaming. While there may be differences due to circumstances and not being able to replicate the scream exactly, you can record Zimmerman’s scream as he calls into a number that records the scream and you can record the scream as he attempts to renact what happened that night while he was on the ground with Treyvon, as keep some of the variables consistant. The pitch level and other aspects of the voice pattern could be teased out. While it is not the best scenario, it is better than anything else that has emerged thus far in terms of analyzing the scream and not the speech.
Convicted pedophile, Jerry Sandusky released an audiotape the evening before his sentencing for 45 counts of child sexual abuse.
While he shifts he blame on to the victims, the media, and the justice system, Penn State, psychologists, and attorneys, calling it “a well orchestrated” conspiracy, there is a shakiness to his voice and an overcompensated volume to his voice which shows displaced anger and extreme fear.
His statement speaks volumes about this vapid man who looks at life as wins and losses calling this “the worst loss of my life.” He then goes on to say “They’ve won. “I’ve wondered what they’ve really won. Attention, financial gain, prestige will all be temporary.”
It is as though he is looking at this as a football game.
In fact , his cadence as he read his statement, sounds like a like a coach giving his players a pep talk. In essence his statement was clearly a pep talk to himself.
As he read this speech there was no emotion as it was read in a monotone with the pitch breaks indicating fear and loudness bursts indicating anger.
He is incomplete denial as he convinces himself that “in his heart” he knows he didn’t do these disgusting acts.” He then goes on to share too much information about his sex life stating his “wife was his only sexual partner, only after marriage”. This “only after marriage” statement is to convince himself and others how moral and chaste he considers himself and how sexually pure he is. But that is far from the truth. When someone gives away too much information, it is usually a signal of deception.
Sandusky very well knows what will happen to him during the sentencing as he has mentally prepared himself by stating that he asks “that he has the strength to surrender himself to God regardless of the outcome.”
The outcome will be that he will leave prison in a pine box and spend the rest of his days in solitary confinement for his own protection as a sexual predator. This could be the worst punishment for someone who spent his life in the limelight and has had the adulation of thousands of people If by chance he does encounter other inmates, he will most likely be getting a taste of his own medicine.
Lindsay Lohan recently looked a lot more mature than the fresh faced girl next
Looking more and more like her stage mom Dina Lohan , she looked pretty with her desperately needed newly veneered teeth. She also eliminated of the lip trout that made her face look out of proportion in relation to to her facial features.
Despite her new classical facial appearance and curvaceous figure the one thing she still really needs to work on is her voice. As someone who did voice and speech and body language coaching with A list actors for various movie roles over the years, I know what I am talking about here.
VOICE THERAPY NOW!
She sounded hoarse, gravely and harsh. I think that as she ventures into acting and gets her life and acting career back on track it would be in her best interest to also get some desperately needed vocal therapy.
Her voice sounds so bad because of the vocal abuse from what often happens when one abuses drugs and or alcohol . This is what people sound like who abuse themselves for a long period of time. Vocal muscles and tissues get taxed and there can be damage to them. The wasy she sounds will clearly limit her roles because she has a harsh limited note range. As a performer you need a wide range.
To Read More Click Link Below
Casey Anthony’s Body Language More Contained on Day 5, But Still Leaks Out Significant Signals, Especially Around Newest Member of Her Team
May 14, 2011
There has been a major change in Casey’s courtroom demeanor from Day 1, to Day 2 to Day 3 to Day 4 to now Day 5. While she is less frigidity she still leaks out some significant body language cues,. Here she is with apparent “cotton mouth” as she licks her lips and purses them, indicating nervousness right before jury selection begins on Day 5.
Here we see her touching her throat area which indicates that she is feeling vulnerable.
She holds on to this are which is one of the most vulnerable areas of the body for a significant length of time as she looks at the newest member of the team Rosalie Bolin. The fact that she is pressing hard on this area which controls her breathing and airstream is also significant in my view. It is especially relevant in light of the fact that she is accused of snuffing out little Caylee’s airstream and respiratory life line.
Here we see Casey with a very happy and genuine full- on toothy smile. We don’t usually see her with such a broad smile and happy face.
The fact that her fingers are intertwined and clasped together shows she is trying her best to contain herself. This incongruent body language indicates that she has most likely been told how to act (more contained) . Even so, she can’t help leaking out her real emotions.
The bottom line is that no matter how coached Casey is to sit still , she always leak out significant body language tells because THE BODY DOESN’T LIE! If she gets on the stand, we will salso discover that her VOICE AND SPEECH PATTERNS WILL NOT LIE either.
When people hear what you have to say and listen to the tone of your voice, there are such significant tells that people pick up which show that you are lying. So if Casey takes the stand she cannot help but leak out these signals to a juror.
I belive her team knows this and that is why they may not want her on the stand. If she is grilled by the prosecution there may be all kinds of speech, vocal and body language slip ups on Casey’s part.
While she may be coached to sit still making jurors less distracted by her , over a two month period, seeing her on a daily basis, jurors will be paying very close attention to her. As a result they wull scrutinize her every move as they continue to form their opinions of her.
It is interesting to note that Casey has been in much better spirits since her mitigator Ms. Bolin has arrived on the scene. She is chatty and smiley and happy.
Even though Ms. Bolin’s personal life has raised eyebrows with her having left her attorney husband and children, only to be married to a man on death row who is a convicted serial killer, Ms. Bolin project does manage to project a warmth and friendliness towards Casey.
This warmth is complete with physcial touches, pats, and back holding, for which Casey no dount hungers. After being deprived of human contact for so many years, Casey thrives on the warm touch of another person. Ms. Bolin is now there to fill this role.
When Baez and Mason kept touching her it gave mixed signals and the impression of flirtation which could even be misconstrued as sexual harassment. But now that motherly looking and acting Ms. Bolin is on the scene to provide touches and caresses towards Casey, it gives an entirely different impression
As the jury sees Casey’s and Ms. Bolin’s warm and friendly interaction, it may reflect a sharp contrast of Casey’s realtionship with her own mother Cindy, whom Casey and her team will portray as “abusive”.
The bottom line is that Casey’s change in body language indicates that she is extremely happy about the new addition to her team . www.drlillianglass.com
Casey Anthony’s Voice and Speech Tells In and Out of the Courtroom- Vocal Frying and Lying
January 31, 2010
As someone who is engaged in doing vocal forensics for legal cases, I am always amazed at how much we can learn about a person based on the sound and tone of their voice, not to mention their speech patterns and its content.
When a person lies, the voice can give a lot away. Vocal tells are not always consistent in lying. Sometimes the pitch of a person’s voice may rise as it did last week, when Casey Anthony gave her lame apology in front of the courtroom.
Other times, the voice may sound lower because the vocal cords tend to close off and emit what is known as a “vocal fry” or a “glottal fry” which sounds like a creaking tone.
Since respiration is affected when someone lies, it is often difficult for liars to adequately coordinate their respiration with their phonation. The fry is also nature’s way of wanting to close off the vocal cords so the person won’t engage in lying. There is a lot of strain on the vocal muscles when the voice closes off, so you often hear Casey clear her throat. That is another tell to let you know what is taking place.
CASEY’S VOCAL FRYS ON HER INTERROGATION TAPES
If you go back and listen to Casey Anthony’s interrogation audiotapes, with Detective Uri Melich, you will hear Casey’s lower pitch and a lot of vocal frying and creaking tones. This was very evident when Detective Melich talks to Casey Anthony about when Caylee went missing, how she met Zenaida Gonzalez,what happened the day Caylee disappeared, who she talked to about Caylee missing, how she tried to find Zenaida. and why she did not alert them earlier.
All of that frying clearly means she is lying!
OTHER SPEECH PATTERN TELLS ON THE INTERROGATION TAPES
In listening to these interrogation tapes you will hear that Casey gives WAY TOO MUCH INFORMATION, and provides convoluted stories like she did about Zanida’s mother and how Zenaida changed her number so much. That is a HUGE tell that someone lies.
TOO MUCH PAUSE TIME TO ANSWER QUESTION Like when Melich asked her about Zanaida’s mother or asked her about the phone numbers of various people. The extended pause time was used for Casey to no doubt concoct her false stories.
MONOTONE and lack of inflection pattern in the voice is often a key to deception as is rapid fire answers to questions.
VOCAL TELLS IN THE COURTROOM
When someone uses upward inflection at the end of sentences, it sounds as though they are asking a question as opposed to making a statement. This upward inflection that Casey used in the courtroom last week, was in stark contrast to the downward frying inflection she used when she was interrogated.
What this means was that Casey was not being sincere and definite in her apology. Instead, it was tentative, phony, and insincere . It was tentative because Casey is no doubt, not used to asking for forgiveness or admitting fault for anything.
This is a young lady who has gotten away with everything her entire life. She was enabled as he family always seemed to look the other way and have their heads buried in the sand when it came to Casey. It sounded like she was asking a question with her upward inflection. Her raised eyebrows that went along with her tentative upward inflection reflected that what she was doing and saying in terms of apologizing it was new and foreign information that her body was processing.
THE RAISED PITCH LEVEL IN THE COURT
In the case of Casey Anthony, her higher pitched of her voice indicated a lot of tension in her vocal apparatus. When people are not being truthful or are insincere or nervous, we may oftentimes hear a sudden rise in pitch as we did with Casey. She knew deep down she didn’t believe those words one bit.
VOCAL FRYING IN THE COURT
There were many vocal frys and cracking of the voice as Casey spoke, indicating deception and insincerity. This was especially evident when she said how she wished she would have been a better friend to Amy.
If and when Casey does take the stand during her murder trial, it will be very interesting to read her vocal and speech tells. No doubt we will her more of the same patterns of deception that she exhibited when she a interrogated and when she was insincerely apologizing. www.drlillianglass.com
Having taught Dustin Hoffman to sound and move like a woman for his role in “Tootsie” and having helped many patients in the Transgender Community make the transition both from “ male to female” or “female to male” like( Chasity to Chaz) by teaching them either them either “male” or “female” body language, voice, and speech skills I was very impressed with how well Chaz Bono (formerly Chasity Bono and Cher’s daughter) is adapting to his new identity.
In watching Chaz Bono’s interview with Chris Cuomo on GMA, Chaz’s voice and body language had so many male characteristics , it was difficult to conceive that she ever lived life as a female, which she did up until 8 months ago. Not only was her vocal pitch as lot lower, she did a lot of things men do as opposed to women- she didn’t open her jaw as much when she spoke and used about two to three octaves in his tone as opposed to the four to five octaves females use. This means there was not as much vocal animation as a male. Body language wise, he took up more room with legs apart and his handshake, where he reached out to Chris was very “male” as opposed to female. His posture and outward hand movement made away from the body was “ male” as well.
There was one interesting body language “ tell” that one of my wonderful and astute readers also noticed and pointed out – Chaz’ shoulder shrugs. My reader asked me if Chaz was lying when he said he was happy because she noticed Chaz was shrugging his shoulders when he said that.
That was an excellent observation. Here is where “Context” is so important when reading body language. The shrug may also mean “I don’t know” or “I’m not sure” which was the case here. It didn’t mean that Chaz was lying about being happy. Instead, it meant that he is still going through the transition and there is more to come and he’s still a bit insecure. In fact on the next breath, he admitted that. He said he was getting there as it had only been eight months since he had his breast reduction surgery and began hormone treatment.
I should also add that there was a lot of lip licking during the interview which many would also misconstrued as a “tell” of deception. But it was not the case here. The lip licking her meant that Chaz’s mouth was dry from being nervous and uncomfortable in the situation he was in. He even admitted to Chris that it was difficult to get out there publically and discuss his transition- that it was uncomfortable. So the lip licking you were seeing was part of that discomfort Chaz was feeling. That is why I can’t stress enough that context is so important when reading body language.
THERE ARE PEOPLE WHO ARE BORN ONE SEX WHO FEEL LIKE THE OPPOSITE SEX SINCE CHILDHOOD
Gender reassignment is a very difficult and misunderstood concept. May think that people who do this are simply crazy or freaks or they are acting out or doing it for attention. They believe that you are born one sex that is who you are and that is who you shall remain. Until I went to the University of Michigan where I got my Masters Degree in Speech and Speech Pathology I used to think that if you were born one sex that’s what you were- plain and simple. But I soon found out that was not the case.
As part of our clinical practice as graduate students, we had to see different types of patients with speech and voice concerns who came into the U of M Communication Disorder Clinic and write up an evaluation report. I was given a patient who was drop dead gorgeous. She was around my height 5’9 to 5’10, had a svelte figure, long dark hair and bright blue eyes. I examined her vocally. She sounded fine except her voice was on the low side. I thought she may have suffered from vocal nodules or vocal polyps- a growth on her vocal cords and wrote up a treatment plan to help cure her condition.
I turned it into my professor, Dr. H. Harlan Bloomer, who by the way was one of the founding fathers of my field. He read my report and said that it was thorough except for one thing- “she” was a “he. “What?” I said thinking I misheard him, he repeated what he said and went on to tell me that she had come to the U of Michigan for gender reassignment surgery. The look of utter shock on my face lead him to explain to me that there were people who, although they were one gender, deep inside believed they were another gender and that it was our job to help these people make that transition by helping them learn to speak like a member of the opposite sex.
Dr. Bloomer also shared with me something that was later confirmed to me by Dr. John Money at Johns Hopkins University, a leading pioneer in the area of Gender Research. If you take a child with Gender Dysphoria and ask them to walk across the room as John or Mary (whatever their sex was) and then ask them to walk back to you as the opposite sex- a girl or a boy, a child with gender dysphoria can easily do it. If a child doesn’t have these gender issues, they will resist and say “I’m not a boy” or” I’m not a girl.” So it’s something that we now know happens in the brain early on in life.
In fact, in his interview, Chaz remarked that he always felt like a boy since childhood and always gravitated to the boys, even joining their teams instead of the girls team.
HOW DO I MAKE A MAN SOUND LIKE A WOMAN?
Apparently back in the day, the University of Michigan is where many went to get transitioned from one sex to the other. These patients also came to the Speech Clinic to learn how to sound like a woman. So it was my job to make this woman who was really a man but looked like a woman, now sound like a woman.
But there was a huge problem. How do you do it? There were no books or research on the subject back in the day. So, I had to do my own research as a graduate student. I had to learn what to do by the seat of my pants. I studied what I did as a woman and how different it was from what guys I knew did. I began to take notes about my fellow male and female classmates and observe them.
Of course I knew the pitch of the voice was different, but what do you do to physically raise a person’s pitch so it doesn’t sound campy? I had to figure that out by trial and error. But body language wise there were also differences as I quickly observed. I saw how the guys sat differently- more causal. They took up more room. They walked differently and even sat differently at their desks and wrote differently. They gestured differently. I made notes and applied them in working with my patient.
Since I really didn’t know what I was doing at the time I just made my patient sound like me, move like me, and act like me. It was weird to see the results- my behaviors being mirrored in another physical being. It was surreal. Subsequently as a grad student I worked with several other transgender patients and became more familiar with what to do.
DUSTIN HOFFMAN AND TOOTSIE
After getting my PhD from the University of Minnesota and coming to Los Angeles to attend UCLA and get a Post Doctorate in Medical Genetics and do research on speech and hearing issues on patients with genetic diseases, I went to my first Hollywood party. There I shared my experience with some fellow guests about how as a grad student I taught men to sound like women. They were fascinated and asked for my card.
A few days later I was told to go to a secret address in Westwood on Manning Ave. and to not tell anyone where I was going. Naively I went. (Today I definitely would have asked more questions) . When the door opened I almost fell over- it was Dustin Hoffman! So for the next few months I worked with him to help him sound like a woman for Toostsie. He was magnificent! And all of you I am sure saw the results. Dustin was so believable as a woman that he even received an Academy Award for his performance.
HE SAYS SHE SAYS- CLOSING THE COMMUNICATION GAP BETWEEN THE SEXES
After Tootsie came out everyone wanted to know how Dustin Hoffman came to be so believable as a woman. They wanted to know who helped him sound and move that way? So the press found out that I was behind it and did countless stories in newspapers and magazines about my work. I even appeared on radio and TV shows across the country.
Because of all the press, people from the transgender communities from around the country and abroad came to work with me. I helped men sound like women like I did for Dustin Hoffman and women sound like men. I discovered that it was a lot easier getting a woman to sound and act like a man that vice versa. Even though there were a lot more challenges, all of them succeeded vocally and body language wise.
In working with these patients there was still very little research about men and women and communication. There were a few books but they were written by linguists that weren’t very practical. So what that men do this and women do that. What do you do with that knowledge? How do you apply it to your daily life, your love life, or your business life?
I figured that out.I took some of that information that existed in the literature based on the linguist’s research and then I incorporated my own research that I did back in my University of Michigan days and subsequent research and was the first to come up with practical advice that men need to do to better get along with women in their daily lives, in the bedroom, and in business ad vice versa.
I published this information in my book He Says She Says –Closing the Communication Gap Between the Sexes (Putmam, 1991) and later in my book The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Understanding Men and Women (Macmillan, 1999) I Also devised a “Sex Talk Quiz “ which lets you see just how much you know about the opposite sex. You may see that qui in various books and articles as people have been given my permission to use it or have been granted a licensing fee by me to use it.
ACCEPTING PEOPLE FOR WHO THEY ARE
After working with so many people in the transgender community, I have come to learn their struggles and the pain they have suffered throughout their lives. People like you and I, who are born in the sex we were born in and enjoy living out lives as a woman or a man, have no idea the mental torture these people go through. So when Chaz said on television yesterday that she was happy for the first time in his life, I believe him.
In parting when Chris Cuomo said to Chaz Bono, “ If you’re happy, then I’m happy,” I concur. If Chaz is happy so am I . I want everyone to be happy with who they are and do whatever it takes to get there.
By the way, if you happen to be interested in learning more about male female communication or you want to know how to better improve your life with the opposite sex, you can order my books (He Says She Says or the Complete Idiot’s Guide to Understanding Men and Women) at Amazon or Barnes and Noble or order them or even DOWNLOAD it from my website at http://www.drlillianglass.com